Mitochondrial DNA puts the origin of Homo Sapiens much further back and indicates that the Australian Aborigines arose 400,000 years ago from two distinct lineages, far earlier than any other racial group.
Analysis of pollen and charcoal giving a date of 120,000 BP suggests that people were using fire to clear land in the Lake George basin in the Southern Tablelands of NSW, about 30 kms north-east of Canberra.
Current estimates for the arrival of Aboriginal people in Australia .
Age of Lake Mungo 3 human remains (age range between 56,000 and 68,000 years), south-western NSW, 987 km west of Sydney. Footprints discovered at Lake Mungo are believed to be 23,000 years old.
Sign: Lake Mungo
Lake Mungo, New South Wales. Ancient camp sites have been found in this area.
Suggested age of two north Australian sites (Nauwalabila and Malakunanja, about 300 kms east of Darwin).
Archaeological evidence suggests that a rock shelter was used by people at a site in Arnhem Land (400 kms east of Darwin) in the Northern Territory. They used stone tools and red ochre probably to prepare pigments for rock painting or body decoration.
Rock engravings made in South Australia - the earliest dated petroglyphs.
Clear archaeological evidence that Aboriginal people have been living in south-eastern Australia e.g. Lake Mungo National Park, NSW.
The oldest dated art in Europe is 40,800 years old and was found in the El Castillo cave in Spain. It contains many red hand stencils, similar to stencils found in Australia.
Age of a oldest known camping site found in the Pilbara region, Western Australia, near the Jugaling Rock Shelter. The site belongs to a mining lease jointly owned by Rio Tinto and Hancock Prospecting. Both companies refuse to permanently exclude the site from mining .
Age of fireplaces (such as underground oven) at Lake Mungo National Park, NSW.
Aboriginal people living at the Keilor site (20 kms north-west of Melbourne) in Victoria.
Oldest evidence of bread making in the world at Cuddy Springs (ancient lake located between Marra Creek and Macquarie River, near Carinda, western NSW).
A man from the Lake Mungo area (south-west NSW) is buried in a shallow grave. His forearm bones are stained pink from ochre. This is one of the earliest known burials of a distinctly modern people.
Aboriginal people were living around the now extinct lakes of the Willandra Lakes system. Evidence shows signs of spiritual and creative life and technology linked to much later Aboriginal culture. [source CREATIVE SPIRITS]
FURTHER FUN FEATURE: Tracing Mankind's Ancestors - The African Roots Of The Human Family Tree! Why does Modern Man appear to be 'coming out of Africa'? Well, here's an insane idea, I know modern geology bandies about their Pangaea idea, where all the land masses are aligned together in the centre of some World Ocean ... but... the Pacific looks (to this blogger) like the remnant of a massive cataclysm that ruined 'that side of planet Earth'. If you were on that side of the planet, as a pre-Modern Man or creature or life-form, you'd have been wiped out i.e. no record of your existence will exist.